DOTS

ERED

Environmental Residue-Effects Database

US Army Corps of Engineers ERDC Dredging Operations Technical Support

USACE


Field Name Description
% Effect   The magnitude of the effect (e.g., % mortality; change in weight; change in length; percent hatch; etc.). 
Analyte   The chemical substance used to create the exposure.  
CAS   CAS registry number is a unique numerical identifier assigned by Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) to a chemical substance.  
COLL  Where the animal was obtained: C (cultured-reared in laboratory); W (collected from wild); N/I (No Information); N/R (Not Reported). 
Comments  Commonly supports the effects data. 
Common name  Common name of the test animal. 
Control   The control response for the observed effect (e.g., survival, growth, reproduction; etc.). 
Dose  The frequency with which the contaminant was applied during the test. 
Duration   The duration of the exposure period: hr (hours); d (days) wk (weeks), mo (months), yr (years). 
Effect   The type of toxicological effect observed in the test animal (e.g., survival, growth, reproduction). 
ERED ID  Unique identification number autogenerated by database. 
ExpConc  The exposure concentration and units. 
Fraction   The test animal tissue used to determine tissue residue (e.g., whole body, soft tissue, liver, etc.). 
Genus Species   Scientific name of the test animal. 
Media  Type of water used to test animal: FW (freshwater); SW (saltwater) 
Mix   Whether the analyte was tested as part of a mixture of analytes or individually: yes (part of mixture), no (single), or N/I (No information). 
Risk   Summary of the risk (e.g., ED, NOED, LOED) an analyte might pose to the test animal. Previously, many risk numbers were assigned to results. Going forward ERED will not report a risk number unless it is reported in the study.  
Route   The route by which the analyte was intended to enter the body: aquatic; diet; injection. 
Signif   Whether the effect was significantly different, usually compared to the control for laboratory studies: Yes (significant); No (not significant). 
Source  Reference from which data was obtained. 
Spiked  Whether the analyte was spiked into the route (aquatic, diet, sediment, injection): yes (analyte spiked), no (analyte not spiked) 
ST  Study type: L (Lab); F (Field); L/F (Lab/Field); Meso (Mesocosm); Micro (Microcosm); N/I (No Information). 
Stage   Life stage of the test animal (e.g., egg, larval, juvenile, adult). 
Tissue ww (mg/kg)   Tissue residue of analyte in the test animal tissue (mg/kg wet weight). 
Trend   The trend of the effect, usually compared to the control for laboratory studies: INC (increase); DEC (decrease), NEF (No effect). 

Source: den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180..

Genus Species ERED ID ST Common Stage COLL Analyte CAS MX SPK H2O Route CONC Dose DUR Residue
mg/kg ww
Fraction Effect Trend Signif % Effect Control Risk Comments Source
Asterias rubens 17879 L starfish, common adult W Cadmium chloride 10108-64-2 N Y SW aqueous 25 µg/L continuous 5 mo 0.03 gonad accumulation INC N/R 17 times N/R N/R 17 times higher Cd than controls; males only den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17880 L starfish, common adult W Cadmium chloride 10108-64-2 N Y SW aqueous 25 µg/L continuous 5 mo 0.14 gonad accumulation INC N/R 50 times N/R N/R 50 times higher Cd than controls; females only den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17883 L starfish, common adult W Cadmium chloride 10108-64-2 N Y SW aqueous 25 µg/L continuous 5 mo 0.03 gonad reproduction DEC N/R 66.2% GVBD 99.7% GVBD N/R 66.2% of oocyts GVBD completed; females only den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17885 L starfish, common adult W Cadmium chloride 10108-64-2 N Y SW aqueous 25 µg/L continuous 5 mo 0.14 gonad reproduction NEF N/R 99% fertilized N/R N/R no effect; 99% oocytes fertilized; exposed males x unexposed female den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17887 L starfish, common adult W Cadmium chloride 10108-64-2 N Y SW aqueous 25 µg/L continuous 5 mo 0.14 gonad reproduction NEF N/R normal N/R N/R no effect; oocyte develop normal in next 24 h; exposed males x unexposed female den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17889 L starfish, common adult W Cadmium chloride 10108-64-2 N Y SW aqueous 25 µg/L continuous 5 mo 0.03 gonad reproduction NEF N/R normal N/R N/R no effect oocytes fertilized; exposed female x unexposed male den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17891 L starfish, common adult W Cadmium chloride 10108-64-2 N Y SW aqueous 25 µg/L continuous 5 mo 0.03 gonad reproduction DEC Y 55.5% 88.4% N/R 55.5% normal blastula; exposed female x unexposed male den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17892 L starfish, common adult W Cadmium chloride 10108-64-2 N Y SW aqueous 25 µg/L continuous 5 mo 0.03 gonad reproduction DEC Y 58.8% 90.7% N/R 58.8% normal gastrula; exposed female x unexposed male den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17893 L starfish, common adult W Cadmium chloride 10108-64-2 N Y SW aqueous 25 µg/L continuous 5 mo 0.03 gonad reproduction DEC Y 74.8% 90.5% N/R 74.8% normal bipinnaria; exposed female x unexposed male den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17897 L starfish, common adult W Cadmium chloride 10108-64-2 N Y SW aqueous 25 µg/L continuous 5 mo 0.03 gonad reproduction DEC N/R 24% 73% N/R after 168 h 24% (calc by multiplicaito of %) developed to normal bipinnaria; exposed female x unexposed male den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17898 L starfish, common adult W Clophen A50 8068-44-8 Y Y SW diet 0.6 mg/kg weekly 5 mo 1.62 gonad reproduction DEC N/R 30% 73% N/R after 168 h 30% (calc by multiplicaito of %) developed to normal bipinnaria; exposed female x unexposed male den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17894 L starfish, common adult W Clophen A50 8068-44-8 Y Y SW diet 0.6 mg/kg weekly 5 mo 1.62 gonad reproduction DEC Y 64.3% 88.4% N/R 64.3% normal blastula; exposed female x unexposed male den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17895 L starfish, common adult W Clophen A50 8068-44-8 Y Y SW diet 0.6 mg/kg weekly 5 mo 1.62 gonad reproduction DEC Y 60.6% 90.7% N/R 60.6% normal gastrula; exposed female x unexposed male den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17896 L starfish, common adult W Clophen A50 8068-44-8 Y Y SW diet 0.6 mg/kg weekly 5 mo 1.62 gonad reproduction DEC Y 73.7% 90.5% N/R 73.7% normal bipinnaria; exposed female x unexposed male den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17890 L starfish, common adult W Clophen A50 8068-44-8 Y Y SW diet 0.6 mg/kg weekly 5 mo 1.62 gonad reproduction NEF N/R normal N/R N/R no effect oocytes fertilized; exposed female x unexposed male den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17888 L starfish, common adult W Clophen A50 8068-44-8 Y Y SW diet 0.6 mg/kg weekly 5 mo 0.73 gonad reproduction NEF N/R normal N/R N/R no effect; oocyte develop normal in next 24 h; exposed males x unexposed female den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17886 L starfish, common adult W Clophen A50 8068-44-8 Y Y SW diet 0.6 mg/kg weekly 5 mo 0.73 gonad reproduction NEF N/R 99% fertilized N/R N/R no effect; 99% oocytes fertilized; exposed males x unexposed female den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17884 L starfish, common adult W Clophen A50 8068-44-8 Y Y SW diet 0.6 mg/kg weekly 5 mo 1.62 gonad reproduction DEC N/R 97.1% GVBD 99.7% GVBD N/R 97.1% of oocyts GVBD completed; females only den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17881 L starfish, common adult W Clophen A50 8068-44-8 Y Y SW diet 0.6 mg/kg weekly 5 mo 0.73 gonad accumulation INC N/R 7 times N/R N/R 7 times higher PCB than controls; males only den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.
Asterias rubens 17882 L starfish, common adult W Clophen A50 8068-44-8 Y Y SW diet 0.6 mg/kg weekly 5 mo 1.62 gonad accumulation INC N/R 9 times N/R N/R 9 times higher PCB than controls; females only den Besten et al. 1989. Effects of cadmium and PCBs on reproduct.... Ecotox Environ Safe 18:173-180.